My idea is that this page could be a place where I post some of my papers.  I know, who cares about a ThM student’s papers, get a PhD and then we’ll talk. But actually, I have benefited from other students papers and at least find them enjoyable to compare the way they approach papers and to compare where I am academically. So here are some of my papers. I will post them periodically.


“Constancy & Contradiction: A Proposal for Understanding God’s Repentance in 1 Samuel 15,”Presented at the NW Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, Portland, OR, March 15, 2008

  • In 1 Samuel 15 both God and the narrator state that God ‘repents’ (Hebrew nhm) that he made Saul king (vv. 10 and 35) and the ever reliable prophet Samuel states that God does not repent (Hebrew nhm), for his is not a man and he does not repent. I argue this is an area of tension that the Bible is asking us to accept. We are to understand God as a God who interacts with human history in a real way but who is also constant and reliable.

The Parable of the Wicked Tenants in Context: Jesus’ Interpretation of Isa. 5:1-7 in Light of Second Temple Jewish Paralells,” written for an independent study on Second Temple Jewish History and Interpretation at Western Seminary

  • This paper examines the Parable of the Wicked Tenants in light of several Second Temple Jewish texts which reference or interpret the Song of the Vineyard (Isa. 5:1-7). Many scholars wish to dissociate the PoWT from Isa. 5:1-7, claiming that the Isaiah reference is a later Christian addition. I however, argue that the Parable as it stands in the synoptics is both characteristically Jewish and sufficiently controversial to be the most historically plausible version to have been said on Jesus’ lips. 

What do Jacob, Joseph, Jesus and Samson Have in Common? A Study of Judges 13 as a Biblical Type-Scene,” Presented at the NW Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, Portland, OR, March 7, 2009.

  • Jacob, Joseph, Jesus and Samson, and also Isaac, Samuel, John the Baptist, and possibly an unnamed boy in Kings are very different characters, and are appraised very differently by the biblical authors. However, their births are very and perhaps troublingly similar. Is Luke trying to tell us that John the Baptist is the new Samson? I hope not. This paper seeks to show that if we understand the biblical convention of literary type-scenes then not only are we in a better place to understand why these similarities or repetitions occur but we are also in a better place to understand how the biblical authors are portraying each character. This paper will focus on Samson’s birth story in Judges 13 as an example of how this type-scene analysis can illumine the meaning of a text.

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